Compositae taxon details

Xanthium strumarium L.

1092089  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1092089)

accepted
Species
Subspecies Xanthium strumarium subsp. brasilicum (Vell.) O.Bolòs & Vigo
Subspecies Xanthium strumarium subsp. sibiricum (Patrin ex Widder) Greuter
Subspecies Xanthium strumarium subsp. strumarium

Forma Xanthium strumarium f. purpurascens S. Priszter accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Forma Xanthium strumarium f. strumarium accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Subspecies Xanthium strumarium subsp. cavanillesii (Schouw) D.Löve & Dans. accepted as Xanthium orientale subsp. italicum (Moretti) Greuter
Subspecies Xanthium strumarium subsp. italicum (Moretti) D.Löve accepted as Xanthium orientale subsp. italicum (Moretti) Greuter
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. arenarium (Lasch) Uechtritz accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. brasilicum (Vell.) Fiori accepted as Xanthium strumarium subsp. brasilicum (Vell.) O.Bolòs & Vigo
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. canadense (Mill.) Torr. & A.Gray accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. cavanillesii (Schouw) D.Löve & Dans. accepted as Xanthium orientale subsp. italicum (Moretti) Greuter
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. glabratum (DC.) Cronquist accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. hausmanni Widder accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. inaequilaterale (DC.) C.B.Clarke accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. indicum (koenig ex Roxb.) Debeaux accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. oviforme (Wallr.) M.Peck accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. pensylvanicum (Wallr.) M.Peck accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. strumarium L. accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. subinerme C.Winkl. ex Widder accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. wootonii W.C.Martin & C.R.Hutchins accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. wootonii (Cockerell) M.Peck accepted as Xanthium strumarium L.

Forma Xanthium strumarium f. purpurascens Priszter (uncertain, unassessed)
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. brasilicum (Vell.) Baker (uncertain, unassessed)
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. echinatum (Murray) A.Gray (uncertain, unassessed)
Variety Xanthium strumarium var. echinatum Kuntze (uncertain, unassessed)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(1753). Species Plantarum. Pl. 2.
page(s): 987 [details]   
Note Type: "Habitat in Europa, Canada, Virginia,...  
From other sources
Type material Type: "Habitat in Europa, Canada, Virginia, Jamaica, Zeylona, Japonia." Lectotype: Herb. Linn. No. 1113.1 (LINN). LT designated by Rechinger in Fl. Iranica 164: 39. 1989.  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:compositae.org:names:31373A1B-B7C7-429A-85EA-47BA8EAD0EAD  
LSID urn:lsid:compositae.org:names:31373A1B-B7C7-429A-85EA-47BA8EAD0EAD [details]

Status p.p.  
Status p.p. [details]

Taxonomy 1 May 1753  
Taxonomy 1 May 1753 [details]
Compositae Working Group (CWG) (2021). Global Compositae Database. Xanthium strumarium L.. Accessed at: https://www.compositae.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1092089 on 2021-04-10
Date
action
by
2007-11-23 07:42:42Z
created
2013-09-30 06:42:42Z
changed

original description (1753). Species Plantarum. Pl. 2.
page(s): 987 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium longirostre Wallr.) (1842). Beitr. Bot. (Wallr.) 1
page(s): 237 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium globosum C.Shull) (1915). Bot. Gaz. 59 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium arenarium Lasch) (1856). Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 14
page(s): 411 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium orientale Blume) (1826). Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15
page(s): 915 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium cordifolium Stokes) (1812). Bot. Mat. Med. 4
page(s): 380 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium homothalamum Spreng.) (1820). Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 1
page(s): 259 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium chasei Fernald) (1946). Rhodora 48 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium pennsylvanicum Gand.) (1918). Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65
page(s): 54 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium varians Greene) (1899). Pittonia 4
page(s): 59 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium oligacanthum Piper) (1906). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 11
page(s): 551 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium brevirostre Wallr.) (1842). Beitr. Bot. (Wallr.) 1
page(s): 235 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium inaequilaterum DC.) (1836). Prodr. (DC.) 5
page(s): 523 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium sphaerocephalum Salzm. ex Ball) (1878). J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16
page(s): 503 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium indicum koen. ex Roxb.) (1832). Hort. Bengal.
page(s): 67 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium americanum Walter) (1788). Fl. Carol. [Walter]
page(s): 231 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium natalense Widder) (1936). Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 41
page(s): 274 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium wootonii Cockerell) (1915). Science n. ser. 42
page(s): 870 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium campestre Greene) (1899). Pittonia 4
page(s): 61 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium cuneatum Moench) (1802). Suppl. Meth. (Moench)
page(s): 300 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium fuscescens Jord. & Fourr.) (1866). Brev. Pl. Nov. 1
page(s): 36 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium monoicum Gilib.) (1782). Fl. Lit. Inch. 1
page(s): 170 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium roxburghii Wallr.) (1842). Beitr. Bot. (Wallr.) 1
page(s): 233 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium decalvatum Widder) (1923). Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20
page(s): 72 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium affine Greene) (1899). Pittonia 4
page(s): 60 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium bubalocarpon Bush) (1906). Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 17
page(s): 123 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium oviforme Wallr.) (1842). Beitr. Bot. (Wallr.) 1
page(s): 240 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium cloessplateaum D.Z.Ma) (1991). Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 11(4)
page(s): 346 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium japonicum Widder) (1923). Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20
page(s): 31 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium acutum Greene) (1899). Pittonia 4
page(s): 62 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium mongolicum Kitag.) (1936). Rep. Exped. Manchoukuo Sect. IV, Pt. 4, Index Fl. Jeholensis
page(s): 97 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium wootoni Cockerell ex de Vries) Species and Varieties, 140 (1905). [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium abyssinicum Wallr.) (1842). Beitr. Bot. (Wallr.) 1
page(s): 230 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium acerosum Greene) (1899). Pittonia 4
page(s): 63 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium discolor Wallr.) (1842). Beitr. Bot. (Wallr.) 1
page(s): 232 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium brevirostre Hochst.) Tent. Fl. Abyss. i. 405. [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium indicum Klatt) Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum
page(s): 280 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium glanduliferum Greene) (1899). Pittonia 4
page(s): 61 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium echinellum Greene ex Rydb.) (1933). Man. S.E. Fl. [Small]
page(s): 1302 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium occidentale Bertol.) (1822). Lucubr. Re Herb.
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium saccharatum subsp. commune (Britton) Widder) Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 286. 1925 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium saccharatum subsp. aciculare Widder) Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 286. 1925 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium indicum var. inaequilaterum (DC.) Miq.) (1856). Fl. Ned. Ind. 2 (1856)
page(s): 68 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium orientale var. albinum (Widder) Adema & M.T.Jansen) (1979). Gorteria 9(9)
page(s): 302 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium strumarium var. wootonii W.C.Martin & C.R.Hutchins) (1981). Fl. New Mexico 2
page(s): 2041 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium strumarium var. glabratum (DC.) Cronquist) (1945). Rhodora 47: 403. 1945
page(s): 403 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium sibiricum var. subinerme (C.Winkl.) Widder) (1923). Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis, Beihefte 20:
page(s): 36 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium chinense var. globuliforme C.Shull) (1927). Bot. Gaz. 83
page(s): 385 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium strumarium var. canadense (Mill.) Torr. & A.Gray) Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 2: 294. 1842 [Apr 1842]
page(s): 294 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium strumarium var. subinerme C.Winkl. ex Widder) (1923). Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis, Beihefte 20:
page(s): 36 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium macrocarpum var. glabratum DC.) Prodr. (DC.) 5: 523
page(s): 523 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium pungens var. denudatum Widder) Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20: 69. 1923 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium strumarium var. inaequilaterale (DC.) C.B.Clarke) (1876). Compositae Indica
page(s): 133 [details]   

original description  (of Xanthium strumarium var. indicum (koenig ex Roxb.) Debeaux) Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 31 (1877) [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Contributed data: Authors Data only shown for fields conflicting with the consensus taxon record
Greene [Electronic Flora of South Australia] [details]

Contributed data: Full Name Data only shown for fields conflicting with the consensus taxon record
Xanthium strumarium [Flora of Saudi Arabia - Checklist]
Xanthium strumarium   [Australian Capital Territory Census]
Xanthium strumarium Greene [Electronic Flora of South Australia]
Xanthium strumarium Greene [LCR Editor] [details]

Contributed data: Notes Data only shown for fields conflicting with the consensus taxon record
Following Fl. Aust. Ms. NW 21/8/2007 [Victoria Census]
ori:FSA-FTA-FNA [African Plant Database] [details]

Contributed data: Published Data only shown for fields conflicting with the consensus taxon record
L., Sp. Pl. 1753. [Euro+Med]
Sp. Pl. [Flora of Japan]
Sp. Pl. : 987 (1753) [Vascular Plants of Russia]
Sp. Pl. 2. 1753 [Flora additions Peru 1993-2008]
Sp. Pl. 2: 987. 1753 [India]
Sp. Pl. 2:987 (1753) [Victoria Census]
Sp. Pl. 987 [Flora of the West Indies]
Sp. Pl. 987. [African Plant Database]
Species Plantarum [IPNI]
Species Plantarum 2: [Tropicos] [details]

LSID urn:lsid:compositae.org:names:31373A1B-B7C7-429A-85EA-47BA8EAD0EAD [details]

Specimen Mexico: : , 1841-42, Karwinsky, W. 367 (MW). [details]

Status p.p. [details]

Taxonomy 1 May 1753 [details]

Type material Type: "Habitat in Europa, Canada, Virginia, Jamaica, Zeylona, Japonia." Lectotype: Herb. Linn. No. 1113.1 (LINN). LT designated by Rechinger in Fl. Iranica 164: 39. 1989.  [details]
LanguageName 
English Sheep's burNoogoora BurrNoogoora burEuropean cockleburBurweed  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (PIC_Cooper07536)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (PIC_Cooper07905a)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]